In 1898, at the age of twenty-six, he moved to Canada as Professor of Physics at Mc Gill University in Montreal.
From 1907 he held the chair of physics at Manchester University and was there when he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry the following year.
His father, James Rutherford, was a farmer from Scotland and his mother, Martha Thompson, was a schoolteacher from England.
Ernest was the fourth of the 12 children his parents brought up in New Zealand, and he was blessed with both high intelligence and a talent for sports, particularly rugby football.
For example, the fact that radium—one of two elements Curie discovered—spontaneously emitted energy without itself undergoing any change seemed to challenge the first law of thermodynamics.
According to that law, energy cannot be created or destroyed but only converted from one form to another.
It has been said that the most important thing about Rutherford was his talent for conceiving simple ideas that were right.
He was also a huge influence on co-workers who at different times included Hans Geiger and Niels Bohr.
These layers often contained fossilized remains of unknown creatures, leading some to interpret a progression of organisms from layer to layer.Because the exact amount of time this accretion process took is not yet known, and the predictions from different accretion models range from a few million up to about 100 million years, the exact age of Earth is difficult to determine.It is also difficult to determine the exact age of the oldest rocks on Earth, exposed at the surface, as they are aggregates of minerals of possibly different ages.material and is consistent with the radiometric ages of the oldest-known terrestrial and lunar samples.Following the development of radiometric age-dating in the early 20th century, measurements of lead in uranium-rich minerals showed that some were in excess of a billion years old.At the age of 18 he left for the city of Christchurch, where he had won a scholarship to Canterbury College, now the University of Canterbury.